Do you know about biomass pellet maker?
I believe everyone has heard of biofuel pellets, so how is it made? First, put the raw materials (such as sawdust, straw, etc.) for making biomass pellet fuel into the barrel of the biomass pellet maker feeder. Because it is rotating, it is easy to throw the raw materials to the inner wall under the action of centrifugal force.
Thereby, a uniform annular material layer is formed, and then the raw material will be extruded from the die hole in a cylindrical shape and cut into uniform pellets, that is, biofuel pellets, by the strong extrusion of the lamination film and the roller.
Under the action of the electric gear, the pellets are pulled out from the discharge port. This process is simple and orderly, and the material is discharged quickly.
At present, there are many types of biomass pellet makers, such as 560 type, 660 type, 700 type and 860 type, with an hourly output of 800-1000 kg and 3-4 tons.
The biomass pellet machine is a production machine that crushes eucalyptus, pine, birch, poplar, fruit wood, crop straw, and bamboo chips into sawdust and chaff to process into biomass fuel. The pellet fuel produced costs about 100-600 USD per ton.
As the main production equipment for environmentally friendly and clean energy biomass pellet fuel, biomass pellet maker has attracted much attention from all walks of life and has received strong support from the government.
At present, the atmosphere of developing new clean and environmentally friendly energy in my country is getting stronger and stronger, which brings a good advantage to the promotion and use of biomass pellet processing equipment.
Using raw materials such as straw and sawdust to form biomass pellet fuel through pellet machine processing, it will not emit waste gas due to incomplete combustion during combustion, and has high calorific value, and the residue left is also the potash fertilizer needed by crops.
Biomass pellet maker is a kind of biomass fuel molding equipment, which mainly uses crop straw, wood chips, wood bran, wood powder, bark, branches and other agricultural wastes as raw materials to manufacture new environmentally friendly pellet fuel.
The pellet fuel made by this biomass pellet maker can be widely used in various fields such as home heating, fireplaces, boilers, gasifiers, biomass power plants and so on.
1. The calorific value of biomass pellets is affected by these factors
Biomass fuel pellets are an environmentally friendly fuel that has emerged with the concept of environmental protection. Biomass fuel pellets are processed by using biomass pellet makers using crop wastes, such as straw, peanut shells, bark and other materials. Biomass fuel pellets can replace coal and other polluting fuels, and have an environmental protection effect.
At the same time, since the raw materials for processing are waste, the price of biomass fuel pellets is much lower than that of coal, but many users are worried about the use of biomass fuel pellets.
The calorific value cannot meet their own use requirements, so they dare not use biomass fuel pellets. In fact, their worries are not unreasonable, but in fact, as long as they understand the factors that affect the calorific value of biomass fuel pellets, they don’t have to worry about this problem, then what are the factors that affect the calorific value of biomass fuel pellets? Let’s find out together.
First of all, it is naturally the raw material for making biomass fuel pellets. Generally, the calorific value of peanut shells is lower than that of straw, and the calorific value of straw is lower than that of bark.
This is because different materials have different calorific values. During combustion, the heat release is different, so the calorific value generated is naturally different, and the density that can be processed by different materials is also different, so it will naturally affect the calorific value of biomass fuel pellets, so At the time of selection, the calorific value of biomass fuel pellets can be controlled to meet the requirements by selecting raw materials.
Then there is the influence of the moisture content in the biomass fuel pellets, which is well understood, because the more moisture of the same volume of biomass fuel pellets, the less combustibles, and in the process of combustion, the evaporation of moisture will also take away heat.
2.Biomass fuel has become main fuel in many countries
The main biomass pellet producer in Europe is Germany. It is estimated that in 2014 about 2.1 million tons were produced by this country. Germany leads other European countries such as Sweden, Latvia and Austria. They produced 1.6 million, 1.3 million and 948,000 tons respectively during the same period.
These four pellet production leaders, along with other European countries, contributed to a 35% growth in the pellet industry between 2010-2014. The fastest growth was in 2013-2014: biomass fuel pellet production increased by 11%.
European countries mainly use the fuel pellets of biomass pellet maker machines for home heating and power plants. In this case, the UK remains the main consumer of pellets. First, it is related to government policy, which includes subsidies and support for biomass power plants. This is why some coal-fired power plants are converted to biomass power plants.
The countries following the UK are Italy, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. Biomass fuel pellets in Belgium, the Netherlands and the UK are mostly used for electricity in power stations.
Meanwhile, the pellets used in Italy and Germany are largely used for heating. Pellets are becoming more popular in these countries as their governments impose high taxes on gas, oil and coal. Overall, the EU accounts for about 80% of global pellet consumption.
3.Energy-saving biomass pellet maker machine
What is a biomass pellet maker machine? Many people may not know it yet. In the past, turning straw into pellets always required manpower, which was inefficient. The emergence of the biomass pellet maker machine has solved this problem very well. The pressed pellets can be used both as biomass fuel and as feed.
Relying on reasonable planning, environmental protection concept, low consumption, high efficiency, simple operation, and durable service period, biomass pellet maker machine has won the trust of consumers and a broad development market. There are unlimited business opportunities, which is good for investors.
The characteristics of the biomass pellets making machine are not only reflected in its raw materials, but also in the following aspects:
（1）The design of the biomass pellet maker equipment is reasonable, the quality is reliable, and it is easy to operate. The automatic control electric heating setting is adopted, which can randomly adjust the dry and humidity of the material to ensure the work efficiency;
（2）The biomass pellet maker equipment is small in size, occupies limited space, consumes less energy, and saves energy;
（3）The wear-resistant material selected for the equipment has been specially treated, which can continue to produce, with long life and durable working time;
（4）In terms of technology, in order to ensure the stability of the machine and the life of the biomass pellet maker equipment, the number of bearings has been increased from three to four, and the pitch has been increased to increase the output value.
Richi Machinery is a biomass pellet plant and straw wood pellet plant manufacturer specializing in the biomass pellet mills for sale, if you are interested in our wood pellet mill projects and solutions, please leave your needs and email, WhatsApp and other contact information, our sales staff will provide professional answers and corresponding product pictures, videos and quotations.